Problem solving in business isn’t just for times of change or crisis; it’s an essential skill that can prevent problems and promote continual improvement of the organization. Make problem solving a standard part of employee training, so your staff will be skilled in spotting potential problems, and already know to address any issues that arise.
Problem solving is the process of taking corrective action in order to meet objectives. Some of the more effective decisions involve creativity. Problem solving as a method of teaching may be used to accomplish the instructional goals of learning basic facts, concepts, and procedures, as well as goals for problem solving within problem contexts.
For example, if students investigate the areas of all triangles having a fixed perimeter of 60 units, the problem solving activities should provide ample practice in computational skills and use of formulas and procedures, as well as opportunities for the conceptual development of the relationships between area and perimeter.
Problem solving is a recursive process; you must continually go back and forth between steps and do some parts again. Similarly, you might not always proceed in exactly this order. Problem solving is at the heart of today’s goal of teaching and learning mathematics for understanding.
It is the first of the five process standards addressed in the NCTM’s Principals and Standards for School Mathematics (NCTM, 2000). Problem solving is both the starting point and ending point of any well-balanced mathematics lesson. Skills lessons begin with a problem, a skill is then taught to help solve the problem, and the newly acquired skill enables students to find a solution.
Problem solving forms an important part of teaching critical thinking. Many see problem solving as part and parcel of critical thinking while some consider it synonymous with creative thinking. Problem Solving Power will show you how to best use techniques like assumption-challenging, a modifying word list, and the add-subtract-change technique.
You’ll also be introduced to the “assume the absurd” technique, and other methods you’ve probably never heard of. Problem solving involves both analytical and creative skills: analytical in comprehending the problem and the relationships within the original situation, and in checking the results of results of each step, and creative in devising the solution.
Imagination plays a large part in both of these skills: problem solving requires the ability to imagine a chain of intermediate steps and their consequences.
Problem solving is a process in which we perceive and resolve a gap between a present situation and a desired goal, with the path to the goal blocked by known or unknown obstacles. In general, the situation is one not previously encountered, or where at least a specific solution from past experiences is not known.
Problem solving, particularly in artificial intelligence, may be characterized as a systematic search through a range of possible actions in order to reach some predefined goal or solution.
Problem-solving methods divide into special purpose and general purpose. Problem solving activities are an effective way to engage learners in your content. Students are faced with a “real world” dilemma or task and use their knowledge and skills to seek meaningful solutions.
Problem solving was initially studied principally by psychologists, and more recently by researchers in artificial intelligence. It has received rather scant attention from economists.