How to Downgrade iTunes 12.7 to iTunes 12.6

Downgrade iTunes 12

Some users may determine that iTunes 12.7 along with the removal of the App Store and other changes are incompatible with their particular workflow. With a little effort, you can downgrade iTunes 12.7 back to iTunes 12.6 on either a Mac OS computer or Windows PC.


Most people should not downgrade iTunes nor attempt to downgrade, this is really only appropriate for advanced users who must use an earlier version for some particular reason. Before downgrading iTunes 12.7 you should know that you can manage and download apps on iPhone or iPad without iTunes, directly in iOS as detailed here, including manually copying apps to the iPhone or iPad via IPA files.

You should backup your computer before beginning this process. Failure to backup could result in permanent data loss or data removal. Do not skip backing up your computer before beginning.

This process is basically three parts: deleting iTunes, restoring the old iTunes Library file, and then downloading the older version of iTunes and installing it.

How to Downgrade iTunes 12.7 to 12.6 on Mac

Back up your Mac before beginning the iTunes downgrade process. Do not skip backing up your Mac or else you may lose data, apps, music, media, or general functionality.

  1. Back up the Mac if you haven’t done so already
  2. Quit out of iTunes
  3. Now open the Terminal application in Mac OS, found in /Applications/Utilities/ and type the following exactly, then hit return:
  4. cd /Applications/

  5. Now you’ll be in the Applications folder via command line, the next command syntax must be precisely entered to remove iTunes, make sure the syntax is exact:
  6. sudo rm -rf iTunes.app/

  7. Be absolutely certain your syntax reads the same, rm is unforgiving and will delete any file permanently it is pointed at. When certain you are pointing at iTunes.app/ only, hit return and authenticate with an admin password to completely delete iTunes
  8. Delete iTunes on a Mac to downgrade

  9. Now go to the Finder of Mac OS and visit your user ~/Music/iTunes/ folder and locate the file named “iTunes Library.itl” and move it to the Desktop, or another easily found location
  10. Still in ~/Music/iTunes/, now open the folder titled “Previous iTunes Libraries” and find the most recent dated iTunes Library file (these are labeled as whatever date you installed the latest iTunes, for example “iTunes Library 2017-09-12.itl” or similar) and make a copy of that file
  11. Restore old iTunes library file

  12. Drag the copy of “iTunes Library 2017-09-12.itl” to the ~/Music/iTunes/ folder and rename it to “iTunes Library.itl”
  13. Now go to Apple iTunes Downloads page here and locate “iTunes 12.6.2” and choose to download that to the Mac
  14. Install iTunes 12.6.2 on the Mac as usual, then launch iTunes once complete

That’s it, you’re now back to the prior version of iTunes.

To avoid downloading iTunes 12.7 again you may want to hide it from the Mac App Store or turn off automatic updates.

How to Downgrade iTunes 12.7 in Windows

Downgrading iTunes 12.7 can be done in Windows as well by uninstalling iTunes and then reinstalling the old version. You’ll still want to restore the old iTunes Library .itl file however.

  1. In Windows, navigate to where your iTunes Media folder is and open “Previous iTunes Libraries” and make a copy of the most recently dated iTunes Library.itl file in that directory
  2. In Windows, open Control Panel > Programs > Programs and Features and go to “Uninstall or change a program”
  3. Choose “iTunes” and choose to Uninstall iTunes 12.7 from the Windows PC
  4. Uninstall iTunes in Windows to downgrade

  5. Download and install iTunes 12.6 from Apple using the following links (direct download links to exe files via Apple CDN), get the 32 or 64 bit version appropriate to your Windows installation :
  • Relaunch iTunes after installation has completed
  • It’s important to not skip the ‘iTunes Library.itl’ file process because if you do not restore the previous iTunes Library file you will get an error message stating “iTunes Library.itl cannot be read because it was created by a newer version of iTunes”. Typically you can override those error messages by rebuilding an iTunes library, but if you can avoid that you may as well.

    Google’s Differential Privacy May be Better Than Apple’s

    As it turns out, Google’s version of differential privacy may be more private than Apple’s implementation. Writing for Wired, Andy Greenberg talks about differential privacy. Specifically, about a study [PDF] that examines how Apple uses differential privacy in macOS and iOS. The researchers found that it might not be as private as Apple would have us believe.

    Differential Privacy

    Differential privacy is a relatively new field in data science. It involves inserting random noise into a dataset, such as an iPhone user’s personal information. After the noise is added, the data is uploaded to Apple’s servers. This way, Apple can have its cake and eat it too. It can perform machine learning and collect analytics while maintaining your privacy. Thanks to the noise, the data can’t be matched to your user ID. Or can it?

    Differential Privacy Loss

    A group of researchers say they have reverse engineered Apple’s differential privacy. They examined to code to find out how the software inserts the random noise. The effectiveness of it is measured by a variable called the “privacy loss parameter” or “epsilon.” The epsilon determines how private your data is kept.

    In short, the higher the epsilon value, the less private the data is. The researchers found that macOS uploads more data than what is generally considered “private.” And iOS 10 uploads more data that is more specific and less private.

    Image of mouse pointer clicking on a security button. Apple's differential privacy might be less private than we think.

    Epsilons

    Apple points out that its data collection is opt-in, although it nudges users to opt-in during a device setup. And the company also says that it adds different levels of noise depending on the data. For example, emoji usage doesn’t need to be as secret as browsing history or health data.

    The study found that macOS differential privacy has an epsilon value of 6, while iOS 10 had an epsilon value of 14. A beta version of iOS 11 (version unknown) even had an epsilon value of 43, although that might change once the final version is released. Frank McSherry, co-inventor of differential privacy, explains what a value of 14 means:

    Say someone has told their phone’s health app they have a one-in-a-million medical condition, and their phone uploads that data to the phone’s creator on a daily basis, using differential privacy with an epsilon of 14. After one upload obfuscated with an injection of random data, the company’s data analysts would be able to figure out with 50 percent certainty whether the person had the condition. After two days of uploads, the analysts would know about that medical condition with virtually 100 percent certainty.

    Google’s Version

    Google uses its own version of differential privacy called Randomized Aggregatable Privacy-Preserving Ordinal Response (RAPPOR). Google’s analysis [PDF] claims to maintain an epsilon value of 2 for particular data that is uploaded. The upper limit is epsilon 8-9 over the lifetime of the user.

    In theory, this is better than Apple’s differential privacy. Additionally, Google made RAPPOR open source. In contrast, Apple keeps its code and epsilon values secret. If Google changed the code or accepted epsilon values, researchers would know about it. Meanwhile, the team had to reverse-engineer Apple’s code over six months.

    Generic image of unlocking an iPhone. Apple's differential privacy could be less private than we think.

    iPhone Unlock

    Sometimes You Don’t Deserve a Trophy

    Now here’s where I disagree. Frank McSherry argues that Apple shouldn’t be judged too harshly, saying “It’s a bit like agreeing to the Paris Climate Accords and then realizing you’re a megapolluter and way over your limits. It’s still an interesting and probably good first step.”

    We should give credit where credit is due. If a company like Apple does something good, we should pat it on the back. But that shouldn’t mean kid glove treatment. As I wrote back in June, Apple is pushing privacy as a feature. Tim Cook is quick to criticize Google and Facebook for their data mining efforts:

    “They’re gobbling up everything they can learn about you and trying to monetise it. We think that’s wrong. And it’s not the kind of company that Apple wants to be.”

    I think that if Apple really wants to be a privacy-forward company, they should be more transparent about its technology. In this case, differential privacy. Apple famously let its machining learning researchers start publishing. Now it’s time for the security team to do the same.

    Apple, if you’re going to sell privacy as a feature, you can’t be ambivalent about it. There’s no such thing as being open about certain things while being secret about the rest.  Open-sourcing security code like differential privacy and encryption would go a long way towards living up to your stance. As companies get hacked left and right, it’s time to reassure users as well as security experts that you really do have our backs.

    14 Things You Can Do in macOS High Sierra That You Couldn’t Do Before

    Image: Apple

    macOS High Sierra is heading your way on September 25, and while it’s not packed with major new features to transform your Mac computing experience, there are some cool new tricks you should know about—here are 11 of them to get familiar with before the OS arrives on your machine.


    1) Snap Live Photos from FaceTime

    If someone is doing something particularly memorable at the other end of a FaceTime call, High Sierra lets you snap the action as a Live Photo using the button at the bottom of the frame. Both participants get notified though, so you can’t photograph people secretly.


    2) Use Siri as a personal DJ

    Image: Apple

    As usual, Siri gets smarter and better able to understand you in macOS High Sierra, but in terms of actual new tricks for your Mac computer, try asking for some music you’ll like or for some mellow tunes—assuming you’re a paid-up Apple Music member.


    3) Manipulate files faster

    High Sierra transitions your Mac to the brand new Apple File System or APFS. A lot of the improvements and upgrades happen behind the scenes, but you should notice a much faster response when carrying out jobs like duplicating files and finding the size of a folder.


    4) Find your emails more quickly

    Image: Screenshot

    New in Mail in High Sierra is a Top Hits panel in search, powered by Spotlight: Your messages get intelligently analysed based on how you interact with them, so you should find more relevant emails appear above other results whenever you type in a search.


    5) Use split view in Mail

    Also new in Mail is a split view mode that lets you open up a compose window on one side of the screen while keeping an eye on your inbox on the other. You’ll automatically get put into split view mode when you click the compose button when running Mail full screen.


    6) Find photos of your friends more quickly

    Image: Apple

    One of the changes coming to Photos is an upgrade in the smart facial recognition system that picks out your friends, family members, colleagues, and everyone else in your snaps. Apple says the system works better than ever, and now syncs across all your devices.


    7) Edit your photos in new ways

    Also new in Photos are a bunch of extra editing tools, including a curves dialog for fine-tuning the color and contrast of your pictures—features normally found in fancier photo editors like Adobe Lightroom or the now defunct Apple Aperture. As in iOS 11, Photos can now play GIFs and turn Live Photos into loop clips, bounce clips, or long exposure-style shots too.


    8) Pin and tabulate your important Notes

    Image: Apple

    Notes can now be pinned (via the File or right-click menu), helping you remember the most important stuff on your to do list or list of groceries. Also new are tables, which you can insert from the toolbar at the top of the Notes screen or via the Format menu.


    9) Use VR on your Mac

    Before High Sierra, if you wanted VR on a Mac you had to make do with a very old and not very functional beta from Oculus. With macOS High Sierra comes full support for Valve’s SteamVR and the HTC Vive for the first time, as long as you’ve got Apple hardware that’s powerful enough to cope. Developers can now work on VR worlds inside macOS as well, as demoed on stage at WWDC 2017.


    10) Browse the web in peace

    Safari is upgraded to run smarter and faster, and will block auto-playing videos by default so you’re not suddenly surprised by music or speech blaring out from one of your browsing tabs. You can change this behavior and whitelist sites in the Safari Preferences.


    11) Configure sites individually

    Also new is a bevy of Safari upgrades: Options to set zoom levels, content blocking, permissions, auto-play settings, and reader mode behavior on a site-by-site basis (Reader can be always on, if you want). Choose Settings for this Website from the Safari menu.


    12) Share files from iCloud Drive

    Image: Apple

    Catching up with the likes of Google Drive and Dropbox, macOS High Sierra now lets you share links to files right from inside the desktop OS itself—just choose Add People from the Share menu in Finder to start adding, and use the options panel to set permissions.


    13) Copy between Mac machines

    Having previously been introduced as a way of getting data copied between iOS and macOS, you can now use the Universal Clipboard feature to copy stuff between two High Sierra machines, as long as they’re both using the same Apple iCloud account.


    14) Get a closer look at your flights

    Image: Screenshot

    Checking up on flights was previously possible in macOS, but it was somewhat hidden. With High Sierra, it’s built right into Spotlight—type in your flight number to get details on departure and arrival times, and a map showing where your chosen plane is in the air.

    Apple’s ‘differential privacy’ still collects too much specific data, study says


     

    Apple’s use of “differential privacy” — a method that inserts random noise into data as it’s collected en masse — doesn’t go far enough to protect personal information, a study suggested this week.

    Apple’s “privacy loss parameters” still allow too much specific data to slip through, according to the study (PDF link), highlighted by Wired and published by five researchers from the University of Southern California, Indiana University, and Tsinghua University. While both macOS and iOS 10 are said to have issues, the latter platform is believed to be the more problematic one.

    Another concern is that Apple keeps its loss parameter — also known as its epsilon — secret, which means that the company could be changing it on the fly without any outside scrutiny.

    “Apple’s privacy loss parameters exceed the levels typically considered acceptable by the differential privacy research community,” said USC professor Aleksandra Korolova.

    macOS is said to have an epsilon of 6, while iOS 10 sits at 14. By comparison, Google claims the differential privacy system in Chrome has an epsilon of 2 in most cases, and a lifetime ceiling of 8 to 9. Google also open-sources related code, making it possible to doublecheck.

    In response to the study, Apple said it disagrees with many points, such as to what degree it can correlate data with a particular person. The company insisted that it varies noise based on the type of data, and that the researchers simply combined epsilons for all types on the assumption it could be pieced together.

    It also pointed to policies like time limits on data storage, the rejection of IP addresses, and the decision to make collection opt-in — referring to installation and setup screens where people can choose whether or not to share usage and diagnostics information.

    The study found that the iOS 11 beta had an epsilon of 43, but that’s likely because of normal testing designed to weed out bugs before the software’s Sept. 19 launch.

    How to Manage & Sync iOS Apps Without iTunes on iPhone & iPad

    Manage iOS Apps on iPhone and iPad without iTunes

    The latest version of iTunes removes the App Store and thus the ability to manage iOS apps on an iPhone or iPad directly through iTunes. Instead, Apple wants users to manage and sync their iOS apps directly on the iOS device itself through the built-in App Store.

    The removal of App Store and an Apps section from iTunes has confused some users, and annoyed others. But don’t distress, even if this change can take some adapting, because you can still easily manage apps, sync apps, and redownload apps and access apps through the App Store directly on an iPhone or iPad.

    It’ll be helpful to think of the concept of app ‘syncing’ as now more like app re-downloading from the App Store, since syncing apps to and from iTunes is largely gone and instead replaced with redownloading apps if need be over the internet. (I say largely gone because you can still sort of work with .ipa files, more on that below.)

    How to Redownload Apps to iPhone or iPad from iOS App Store, Without iTunes

    You can download existing and old apps, as well as manage apps directly on the iPhone and iPad by using the App Store Purchased section. The Purchased section of the App Store includes all apps you have ever downloaded or bought before at any time with the Apple ID in use, as long as those apps are still on the App Store. This redownloading iOS app ability has been around for a long time in iOS, but now it is perhaps more important than ever before.

    Here is how you can access Purchased and use it to download apps back to your iOS device, note the precise actions are slightly different on iPhone compared to iPad but the general behavior is the same:

    1. Open the App Store app in iOS
    2. App Store logo in iOS

    3. Go to the Purchased section of the App Store
    • For iPhone and iPod touch: Go to “Updates” and then “Purchased”
    • Access Purchased apps in iOS App Store for iPhone

    • For iPad: Tap your Apple ID account icon in the corner of the open App Store
    • Access Purchased apps in App Store on iPad

    • On iPad App Store, then tap “Purchased”
    • access apps to iPad via App Store Purchased section

  • Choose the “Not on this device” section
  • Tap the download icons alongside app names you wish to download to the iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch
  • Downloading apps from the Purchased section of apps not on the current device

    This allows you to download and access apps that you have previously downloaded, owned, or purchased at some point, but that are not contained on the current iOS device.

    These purchase listings will be different per iOS device, changing from “Not on this iPhone” or “Not on this iPad” depending on what device you are using with the same Apple ID, and depending on what apps are on the active iOS device.

    Access and download purchased apps not on the iOS device without iTunes

    Arranging iOS App Home Screen and Icon Layouts on iPhone and iPad

    You can still arrange your iOS home screen as you like it to a custom icon layout, but now it must be done on the iPhone or iPad.

    Simply tap and hold on an app icon until all screen icons start to jiggle. Once the icons are jiggling on the iOS screen they can be moved around at will. Use this to arrange the Home Screen of an iPhone or iPad to suit your preferences.

    If you drag a jiggling icon to the edge of the screen, continue holding and you can move the app icon to a different Home Screen page.

    Removing Unwanted Apps from the iPhone or iPad

    Removing apps from an iPhone or iPad is a matter of uninstalling the apps from iOS, the easiest way is by the tap-and-hold and then delete method detailed here.

    Delete apps in iOS with a tap and hold

    You can also delete apps from an iOS device through the Settings > General section to manage storage.

    Manually Syncing / Copying Apps via IPA Files to iPhone or iPad with iTunes

    Interestingly, you can still drag and drop ringtones in .m4r format and iOS apps in .ipa file format into iTunes and to the target iOS device, and they should transfer over to the target iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.

    If you happen to have a .ipa file of an iOS app, you can still manually copy it over to the iPhone or iPad via iTunes by using this drag and drop method. This is sort of like syncing, but it’s really just copying a file over from the local computer to the target iOS device by using iTunes.

    Apps stored as .ipa files, if you have any stored on a local computer, can be found within the iTunes Library locations on the Mac and Windows PC and a subfolder for Mobile Applications, typically the path would be as follows for Mac and Windows PC respectively:

    IPA file path in Mac OS:

    ~/Music/iTunes/iTunes Media/Mobile Applications/

    IPA file path in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10:

    My MusiciTunesiTunes Media

    With an iPhone or iPad connected to the computer via USB, simply drag and drop the IPA file into iTunes onto the iOS device in question through the sidebar.

    IPA files of iOS apps on a Mac

    It’s alway possible this particular IPA file feature will disappear from iTunes in the future with another software update, or that the IPA files stored on a computer will vanish if you don’t copy them elsewhere for backup purposes, so it’s probably wise to not depend on this particular ability too much.

    Do you know of any other tricks or helpful approaches to managing apps and iOS devices through iTunes or a computer, now that iTunes has removed the App Store? Let us know in the comments!

    Hackers can bypass new protections in MacOS High Sierra

    Hackers can bypass new protections in MacOS High Sierra
    Hackers can bypass new protections in MacOS High Sierra

    Hackers can bypass a new security feature in MacOS High Sierra to load malicious kernel extensions.

    According to security researchers at Synack, the forthcoming update to MacOS features something called Secure Kernel Extension Loading” (SKEL). Patrick Wardle, chief security researcher at Synack, said that while the feature was “wrapped in good intentions”, in its current implementation, SKEL “merely hampers the efforts of the ‘good guys’” (ie 3rd-party MacOS developers such as those that design security products).

    “Due to flaws in its implementation, the bad guys (hackers/malware) will likely remain unaffected,” he said in a blog post.

    According to  Apple’s Technical Note TN2459, Secure Kernel Extension Loading, is “a new feature that requires user approval before loading new third-party kernel extensions.”

    Wardle said that while we might initially assume that that the main attack vector SKEL attempts to thwart is the (direct) loading of malicious kernel extensions (ie rootkits), he believed this is not the case.

    “First, observe that (AFAIK), we have yet to see any signed kernel-mode MacOS malware! Since OS X Yosemite, any kexts have to be signed with a kernel code-signing certificate,” he said.

    Wardle added that unlike user-mode Developer IDs, Apple is incredibly ‘protective’ of such kernel code-signing certificates – only giving out a handful to legitimate 3rd-party companies that have justifiable reasons to create kernel code. 

    “As security features are often costly to implement, they are generally introduced to reactively address widespread issues,” he said. He added that instead, the main (security) goal of SKEL is to block the loading of legitimate but (known) vulnerable kexts.

    “Until Apple blacklists these kexts via the OSKextExcludeList dictionary (in  AppleKextExcludeList.kext/Contents/Info.plist), attackers can simply load such kexts, then exploit them to gain arbitrary code execution within the context of the kernel,” he warned.

    He said that the feature can also block the direct loading of maliciously signed kexts, so it seems its main aim is to thwart the loading of known vulnerable drivers for malicious purposes.

    In his blog, he outlined how a hacker could bypass SKEL protection in MacOS High Sierra.

    “We exploit an implementation vulnerability in SKEL that allows us to load a new unapproved kext, fully programmatically, without any user interaction. A single implementation flaw in SKEL may allow us to fully bypass it. Apple on the other hand, has to protect against everything. So, we’re always going to win…sometimes after just 20 minutes of poking,” he said.

    “Unfortunately, when such ‘security’ features are introduced – even if done with the noblest of intentions – they often just complicate the lives of 3rd-party developers and users without affecting the bad guys (who don’t have to play ‘by the rules’). High Sierra’s SKEL’s flawed implementation is a perfect example of this,” he said.

    “Of course, if Apple’s ultimate goal is simply to continue to wrestle control of the system away from its users, under the guise of ‘security’, I’m not sure any of this even matters.”

    Apple will release MacOS High Sierra (10.13) on 25 September.

    Apple unveils iPhone X & 8, Apple Watch Series 3, Apple TV 4K & more


     

    It all came out this week, as Apple finally revealed the OLED-based iPhone X, the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, a third-generation Apple Watch with LTE, and the Apple TV 4K. Find all the details you might have missed right here.

    To keep up on the latest in the Apple world, download the official AppleInsider app, and subscribe to our email newsletter.

    Everything you need to know:

    • The iPhone X will ship Nov. 3 for $999, sporting edge-to-edge OLED and Face ID > >
    • The iPhone 8 and 8 Plus ship on Sept. 22, starting at $699 > >
    • Apple Watch Series 3 introduces cellular to the company’s wearables > >
    • The Apple TV 4K will cost $179, but with free 4K/HDR upgrades for iTunes content > >
    • iOS 11, watchOS 4, and tvOS 11 are coming Sept. 19 —macOS High Sierra will follow Sept. 25 > >
    • Apple is going all-in on wireless charging, including a new “AirPower” dock > >
    • The desktop version of iTunes no longer includes the App Store > >

    For in-depth discussion of this week’s hottest stories, listen to the AppleInsider podcast. Subscribe here, or stream the embed below:

    A roundup of all of our hottest stories this week:

    Apple debuts $999 iPhone X with OLED Super Retina Display & Face ID authentication

    Apple unveils 4.7-inch iPhone 8 & 5.5-inch iPhone 8 Plus, shipping Sept. 22 starting at $699

    Apple announces $399 Apple Watch Series 3 with cellular, letting you ditch your iPhone for data on the go

    $179 Apple TV 4K boasts high dynamic range support, free 4K upgrades to iTunes movie purchases

    Apple’s macOS High Sierra coming Sept. 25, watchOS 4 & tvOS 11 due Sept. 19

    Apple’s AirPower wireless charging pad charges up to 3 devices, to launch in 2018

    Apple Heart Study focusing on atrial fibrillation launching in 2017

    Apple asks for iOS 11 apps, issues developer GM ahead of Sept. 19 public launch

    Apple’s new iPhone X folio case wakes/sleeps handset like iPad Smart Cover

    Apple intros urBeats3 headphones & cheaper Apple TV Siri Remote

    Apple quietly cuts price of iPhone SE to $349 for 32GB, $449 for 128GB

    Apple is de-bloating iTunes with latest 12.7 release, removes App Store

    Apple discontinues (Product)Red iPhone 7, ups iPad Pro pricing

    Apple hikes repair, replacement & AppleCare+ prices for iPhones

    Senator calls on Apple to address Face ID privacy concerns

    Apple mulling $3B investment in Bain bid for Toshiba chip business, report says

    Apple denies iPhone X failed in onstage demo, says Face ID feature worked as intended

    Rumor: AirPods Wireless Charging Case coming in December for $69

    Apple iPhone 8, Apple Watch Series 3, Apple TV 4K preorders go live

    Video: Should you preorder Apple’s iPhone 8, or wait for iPhone X?

    First look: Hands-on with Apple’s iPhone X

    Updating to the High Sierra GM Candidate

    Let’s look at how to do that final (we hope) beta update for macOS High Sierra. If you’ve been on the beta or public beta track for 10.13 High Sierra, you probably know that the Gold Master (GM) Candidate was recently released. Unfortunately, updating to it isn’t done the way it used to be. Here’s what you need to know to download and install the High Sierra GM Candidate.

    High Sierra GM Candidate

    The macOS High Sierra GM Candidate has been released, but downloading it isn’t as easy as it should be

    Using the Right Tools is Key to Getting the High Sierra GM Candidate

    When you first installed the High Sierra beta, you used a utility to open a back-door into the operating system’s page in the Mac App Store. With each new beta release, you’d get a notification of the update from the Mac App Store. Then it was just a matter of opening the App Store, clicking Updates, and installing the new version. Not so for the GM Candidate.

    To install the High Sierra GM Candidate, you have to go back to that special utility. It’s official name is the macOS Developer Beta Access Utility. Here’s how you can download it again and get the GM Candidate installed.

    First, Delete Old Installers

    The first step is to delete any old High Sierra beta installers you might have on your Mac. Look in /Applications, and drag Install macOS High Sierra Beta to the Trash.

    To make sure it’s really gone, go ahead and empty the Trash. Then you can go to the next step.

    Download and Run the macOS Beta Access Utility

    Now, it’s time to download the proper beta access utility so you can get to the High Sierra GM Candidate in the Mac App Store. For developers, it will be called macOS Developer Beta Access Utility, and you can access it from the Downloads page of the Apple Developer portal.

    For those of you on the Public Beta, you’ll need to go back through the portal you originally used and download the macOS Public Beta Access Utility.

    Once you have the correct file downloaded, double-click it to open it and then run the package within. Very shortly, you’ll be done and you’ll see the High Sierra page within the Mac App Store.

    Download and Run the Beta Installer

    Finally, download the beta installer from the Mac App Store. It will take some time, but launch on its own when finished. The filename will still be Install macOS High Sierra Beta, but it really is the GM Candidate.

    For regular Mac users, running the installer one time should be sufficient to get you upgraded to macOS High Sierra GM Candidate. Things might be a bit different for those of you on a Hackintosh, though …

    In fact, I had to run the installer four (count ’em, four) times to finally get fully past the installation. On my initial run, rebooting the first time failed to create and display the proper Install macOS partition in Clover. The second time, the partition was there but the subsequent reboot didn’t show the necessary partition. Third time around was the same as the first, but the fourth attempt seemed to be the charm and everything installed fine.

    Waiting for the Official Release

    If you’d rather wait for the official release, we’re expecting that on September 25. At that time, it should appear in the Mac App Store, either as an update or as a free install.

    Apple addresses ad industry complaints over Safari tracking prevention feature


     

    In response to advertising industry objections to Safari’s new Intelligent Tracking Prevention feature, Apple on Friday explained how the service is a boon for both consumers and ad services who use it responsibly.

    On Thursday, six ad industry groups penned an open letter criticizing Apple’s upcoming Safari feature, saying the decision to incorporate such technology into a web browser is heavy-handed and “bad for consumer choice and bad for the ad-supported online content and services.”

    Today, Apple responded to the missive in a statement provided to The Loop.

    “Apple believes that people have a right to privacy – Safari was the first browser to block third party cookies by default and Intelligent Tracking Prevention is a more advanced method for protecting user privacy,” Apple said. “Ad tracking technology has become so pervasive that it is possible for ad tracking companies to recreate the majority of a person’s web browsing history. This information is collected without permission and is used for ad re-targeting, which is how ads follow people around the Internet. The new Intelligent Tracking Prevention feature detects and eliminates cookies and other data used for this cross-site tracking, which means it helps keep a person’s browsing private. The feature does not block ads or interfere with legitimate tracking on the sites that people actually click on and visit. Cookies for sites that you interact with function as designed, and ads placed by web publishers will appear normally.”

    Announced at the Worldwide Developers Conference in June, Safari’s intelligent cookie blocker uses machine learning algorithms to reduce invasive cross-site ad vendor tracking. Touted as a privacy feature, the technology obscures a user’s online activity from being tracked without their knowledge.

    As noted by Apple in a June post to the WebKit blog, “Many users feel that trust is broken when they are being tracked and privacy-sensitive data about their web activity is acquired for purposes that they never agreed to.”

    Apple documentation notes Intelligent Tracking Prevention collects statistics on resource loads induced by a cookie, as well as welcome user interactions such as clicks and text entries on a visited site. Cookies that are deemed “allowed” can be used by third parties for one day after the user last visits an associated website. After the first day, and out to 30 days, the cookie is partitioned. This means users can stay logged in to infrequently visited sites, but restricts the use of cookies for cross-site tracking.

    Intelligent Tracking Prevention will roll out on both iOS 11 and macOS High Sierra, which launch later this month.

    How to Prepare for iOS 11 the Right Way

    Prepare for iOS 11

    Planning on installing iOS 11 onto your iPhone or iPad when it becomes available on September 19? Then take a few moments to prepare your device for the iOS 11 update!

    This walkthrough will detail checking proper device compatibility, performing some simple house keeping and maintenance on an iPhone or iPad, backing up the device, and finally, installing iOS 11.


    By the way, if you’re impatient and you’re going to only take one piece of advice then have it be this: back up your iPhone or iPad before installing iOS 11. Never skip a device backup!

    1: Check Compatibility: Can my iPhone or iPad run iOS 11?

    You’ll want to be certain your iPhone or iPad can run iOS 11. Fortunately, most modern devices support iOS 11, and if your iPhone is a 5s or newer, or your iPad is an Air or newer, it will run the latest operating system. The complete compatible devices list is below:

    • iPhones: iPhone X, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone 6s, iPhone 6s Plus, iPhone 5s, iPhone SE
    • iPads: iPad Pro 12.9″ 1st and 2nd generations, iPad Pro 10.5″, iPad Pro 9.7″, iPad Air 2, iPad Air 1, iPad 5th gen, iPad 2017 model, iPad mini 4, iPad Mini 3, iPad Mini 2
    • iPods: iPod touch 6th generation

    Can your iPhone or iPad run iOS 11

    Generally speaking, the newer, faster, and better model of an iPhone or iPad, the better the performance of iOS 11 will be.

    2: Clean House, Free up Storage Space, Update Apps

    Major system software updates are a good time to do a little house cleaning and free up storage space on the iOS device. This is also helpful because you’ll need at a few GB available to be able to download and install the iOS 11 update anyway, and a full device won’t be able to download or install the update.

    Not sure where to start? Deleting apps that you don’t need or that go unused, removing unwanted movies and pictures (after copying the images to Photos on the Mac anyway), clearing out Documents and Data, or even deleting music from an iPhone or iPad are all methods of clearing out storage space on an iOS device. Aim to have at least a few GB of free space available.

    Once you have deleted unused apps and made sure you have sufficient storage available, it’s also a good idea to update your iOS apps via the App Store Updates tab.

    Update apps in the App Store

    Many apps are updated to take advantage of new features in system software, as well as patch bugs and insure compatibility.

    3: Back up the iPhone or iPad

    You absolutely must backup your IOS device before installing iOS 11. Backups allow you to restore a device and can prevent data loss. Do not skip the backup process, it’s easy.

    You can backup to iCloud, or iTunes, or both.

    For iCloud, open the Settings app in iOS and tap on your name to access iCloud settings in the latest system software releases.. Then go to “iCloud” and to “iCloud Backup” and choose to “Back Up Now”. Be sure you have a fresh backup made right before installing iOS 11 update.

    Backup to iCloud in iOS

    In iTunes, simply connect the iPhone or iPad to a computer with iTunes and choose to backup. You’ll want to encrypt the backup in iTunes so that passwords, health data, and other useful stuff is kept in the backup too, since it makes the restore easier. Remember, iTunes 12.7 removes the App Store so app backups are no longer part of iTunes backups, instead they must be downloaded again.

    4: Install iOS 11 and Enjoy!

    iOS 11 is a free software update for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. You can update to iOS 11 through iTunes on a computer, or through the Settings app in iOS itself. The Settings app is typically the easiest way to install a software update.

    Be absolutely certain you have backed up your iPhone or iPad before installing iOS 11!

    iOS 11 download and install via Software Update

    The official iOS 11 release date is September 19. The impatient can download iOS 11 GM right now through the public beta program or with IPSW, however.